Conventional hydraulic cylinders are simulated in FLUENT. Singh, "Derivation of design requirements for optimization of a high performance hydrostatic actuation system," International Journal of Fluid Power, vol. Results show that the small outlet ports are the sources of energy loss in hydraulic cylinders. IJERA MENU CALL FOR PAPER PAPER SUBMISSION WHY CHOOSE IJERA AUTHOR INSTRUCTIONS STATISTICS UNIVERSITY AFFILIATES CHECK PAPER STATUS FAQ IJERA CONTENTS CURRENT ISSUE IJERA ARCHIVE SPECIAL ISSUE CALL FOR CONFERENCE UPCOMING CONFERENCE SPECIAL ISSUE ARCHIVE DOWNLOADS MODEL PAPER COPY RIGHT FORM COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT JOURNAL ETHICS OPEN ACCESS OPEN ACCESS Abstract: Hydraulic cylinder actuators are used extensively in industrial, construction and agricultural works. Palmberg, "Separate controls of meter-in and meter-out orifices in mobile hydraulic systems," SAE transactions, vol. The small sized outlet ports of the cylinders resist the flow of discharged oil; and as a result the piston motion is slowed down. Gao Yue-lin , Duan Yu-hong "A New Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm with Random Inertia Weight and Evolution Strategy" International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Security Workshops 2007. Guimin Chen, Xinbo Huang, Jianyuan Jia and Zhengfeng Min " Natural Exponential Inertia Weight Strategy in Particle Swarm Optimization" 6th World Confress on Intelligent Control and Automation, June 21 - 23, 2006, Dalian, China. Jong-Bae Park, Yun-Won Jeong, Hyun Houng Kim and Joong-Rin Shin "An Improved Particle Swarm Optimization for Economic Dispatch with Valve-Point Effect" International Journal of Innovations in Energy Systems and Power, Vol. Therefore by emphasizing this protein as a drug target can help in the identification of novel drugs to cure leprosy. Black PN, Zhang Q, Weimar JD, Di Russo CC (1997): Mutational analysis of a fatty Acyl-coenzyme A Synthetase signature motif identifies seven amino acid residues that modulate fatty acid substrate specificity. Key words: cellular genetic algorithm, dynamic optimization, density dependence scheme Reference  R.
Therefore identification of the novel drug target and potent drug can be helpful in better prevention of the disease. Alter et.al, (2008) Leprosy as a genetic model for susceptibility to common infectious disease, Hum Genet 2. (1999)Health Policy and Planning; 14(2): 89-102, Oxford University Press. Abstract: Particle swarm optimization (PSO ) is an effective & reliable evolutionary based approach . Yuhui Shi and Russell Eberhart "A modified particle swarm optimizer" 0- 7803-4869-9198 0.0001998 IEEE. Stukenbrock, "Toward maximum flexibility in working machinery, iht control in a mecalac excavator," 2004. Yao, "Energy-saving control of singlerod hydraulic cylinders with programmable valves and improved working mode selection," 2002. Eriksson, "Control Strategy for Energy Efficient Fluid Power Actuators: Utilizing Individual Metering," SE-581 83 Linköping, Sweden: Linköping University, 2007. There are various field of power system in which PSO is successfully applied. (April 2003), "Nanometer stepping drives of surface acoustic wave motor", IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, 50, IEEE, pp. Due to its higher quality solution including mathematical simplicity, fast convergence & robustness it has become popular for many optimization problems.